1. Urge Incontinence – This is leakage caused by overactive bladder muscle or nerves. This leads to urinary urgency followed by uncontrollable leakage of urine. Many patients may also have urine leakage without prior urgency.
2. Stress Incontinence – This is due to leakage from a weak sphincter. Typical symptoms include leakage with coughing, laughing, running, standing, or jumping.
3. Overflow Incontinence – Overflow incontinence is from retention of urine. The bladder is so full urine is leaking out constantly. This may be due to bladder nerve dysfunction, muscle dysfunction, or constipation.